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江西藝緣精品推薦《咸豐重寶當五十(1)》


清咸豐年間(1851-1861年),太平天國農民起義發展迅猛,并在江蘇南京建都,此時清政府賴以鑄錢之用的滇銅(云南省出產的銅料),因道路阻斷而無法運進北京。一方面是鎮壓起義急需大量的軍餉開銷,一方面是鑄錢的原材料告缺,給清政府造成了嚴重的財政困難,最終迫使清政府自咸豐三年開始發行紙幣和改鑄大錢來彌補財政虧空。During the Qing Xianfeng period(1851-1861), the peasant uprising of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom developed rapidly and established a capital in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province. At this time, the copper used by the Qing government to cast money(copper produced in Yunnan Province) could not be transported due to road blocking. Into Beijing. On the one hand, the suppression of the uprising urgently needed a large amount of military spending. On the one hand, the raw materials for casting money were missing, causing serious financial difficulties for the Qing government. Eventually, the Qing government was forced to issue banknotes and change large sums of money from Xianfeng for three years to make up for the financial deficit.

 

當五十及以下計值稱為“咸豐重寶”,高于當五十計值稱為“咸豐重寶”,以區別于小平錢“咸豐通寶”。咸豐重寶當十錢雖然是咸豐大錢中計值較低的品種,但是由于鑄造時間早,流通區域廣,所以也是自古以來古泉愛好者最關心并致力于收藏和欣賞的計值錢幣。在諸多咸豐大錢之中,應當推舉咸豐重寶當十錢幣為最。鑄期最長、數量最大、版式最多、流通最廣,無一不在咸豐大錢中占據首位。自咸豐三年起,寶泉、源、直、薊、濟、德、陜、鞏、福、蘇、浙、河、武、寶昌、云、川、桂、黔、迪、伊、葉兒羌、庫車等錢局均先后鑄造咸豐當十大錢,并投入市場與小平錢同時流通。除了寶安錢局僅見部頒樣錢外,其它各個錢局均有大量不同版別,不同形式,甚至不同材質,不同大小的當十計值重寶。When the value of fifty or less is called "Xianfeng Heavy Treasure", the value of fifty is called "Xianfeng Heavy Treasure" to distinguish it from Xiaoping Qian "Xianfeng Tongbao". Although Xianfeng Zhongbao is a relatively low-valued species in Xianfengs big money, due to the early casting time and wide circulation area, it is also the most concerned and dedicated to collecting and appreciating coins since ancient times. Among the many large sums of Xianfeng money, Xianfeng Zhongbao should be elected as the most ten coins. The longest casting period, the largest number, the largest layout, and the most extensive circulation, none of which did not occupy the first place in Xianfengs big money. Since Xianfeng three years ago, Baoquan, Yuan, Zhi, Yi, Ji, German, Shaanxi, Gong, Fu, Su, Zhejiang, He, Wu, Baochang, Yun, Chuan, Gui, Yi, Di, Yi, Ye Eryi, Kuche and other money bureaus have successively cast Xianfeng When ten big money, and put into the market and Xiaoping money circulation at the same time. In addition to the Baoan Money Bureau only seeing the Ministrys sample money, each other has a large number of different versions, different forms, and even different materials.

此文是一枚咸豐重寶當五十,正面鑄有楷書“咸豐重寶”從上而下而右而左直讀;錢背上下寫有漢文“當五十”二字,左右用滿文寫有錢局的名稱“寶蘇”。此枚咸豐重寶版本比較高檔,字跡深俊,銅質精良,鑄工精細,包漿渾厚溫潤,字體清晰端莊,筆畫圓潤工整,中間穿正方形孔,在日光的照射下更散發出熠熠光輝。整幣紋脈清晰,紋路完整。This article is a Xianfeng Zhongbao when fifty, and the front is cast with the regular script "Xianfeng Zhongbao" from top to bottom and right to left; The word "when fifty" is written on the back of the money, and the name "Baosu" is written in Manchu. This Xianfeng Zhongbao version is relatively high-end, with deep handwriting, fine copper, fine casting, thick and mellow pulp, clear and dignified fonts, round and neat strokes, Square holes in the middle, and radiating under the light of the sun.. The veins of the entire coin are clear and the lines are complete.

咸豐重寶的鑄造材料主要是黃銅,也曾出現過鐵錢等其它材質的錢幣。另外還有一種用金、銀、玳瑁、白銅等材料精制的宮廷錢幣,形制較大,錢體也較厚,當屬皇家喜慶用錢,這種錢幣鑄量非常少,質量極佳,價格遠非黃銅、鐵制錢能夠所比。官版材質為以銅75%、鋅20%、錫3%以及其他配合,母錢含銅純度更高。Xianfeng Zhongbaos casting material is mainly brass, and there have also been coins of other materials such as iron money. In addition, there is also a court coin refined with gold, silver, alfalfa, white copper and other materials. The shape is larger and the money is thicker. When it is a royal festival money, the coin is cast very little and the quality is excellent. Prices are far from being comparable to those of brass and iron. The official version is made of 75 % copper, 20 % zinc, 3 % tin, and other combinations. The mother money contains higher copper purity.

 

咸豐重寶一直被收藏家們視作無價之寶。地域性政權發行貨幣的時間也相當短,加上流通地域狹小,所鑄貨幣價值不菲。另外,由于改行紙鈔,銅幣發行量較少,故價格也較高。古錢幣(除清代)的背部多為光面,也有少數有星紋、月紋、四出紋、祥云紋、瑞雀紋等特殊記號和表示錢監、鑄造年代的文字。這種錢幣較背部為光面的要貴得多。

歷代以來,中國都把錢幣作為商品交易或者買賣的交換工具,它不僅具有較為廣泛的使用價值,而且還隨著時間的久遠,呈現出較高的收藏價值和考據價值。從古至今,中國古代錢幣的種類數量繁多,自從奴隸社會建立以后,基本上每個朝代都會流通一種官方或者民間貨幣用于市場交易,給貨幣的流通和發展提供了有利的條件,時至今天,依然有一些人將我們在日常生活中所

使用的人民幣進行自我收藏,希望多年以后它的收藏價值不斷升值而變得更加搶手。Xianfeng Chongbao has always been regarded as a priceless treasure by collectors. The time for regional regimes to issue currency is also quite short. In addition to the narrow circulation area, the money cast is of great value. In addition, due to the change of banknotes, the circulation of copper coins is relatively small, so the price is also higher. The backs of ancient coins(except for the Qing Dynasty) are mostly light surfaces, and there are also a few special signs such as star patterns, moon patterns, four patterns, auspicious cloud patterns, and ruffian patterns, as well as texts that indicate the time of money supervision and casting. This coin is much more expensive than the one with a light back.
Since ancient times, China has used coins as an exchange tool for commodity trading or trading. It not only has a wider use value, but also has a higher collection value and textual value over time. Since ancient times, there have been a large number of ancient Chinese coins. Since the establishment of the slave society, basically every dynasty has circulated an official or private currency for market transactions, providing favorable conditions for the circulation and development of money. There are still some people who put our lives
Using the renminbi for self-collection, it is hoped that after many years its collection value will continue to appreciate and become more popular.

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